Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
FOLLOW US:     Facebook     Twitter
Blue
   
Curve Top
Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 9 | Issue: 17 | Page No.: 3166-3170
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2009.3166.3170
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
Biodiesel Production from Crude Palm Oil by Transesterification Process
A.N. Alkabbashi, Md Z. Alam, M.E.S. Mirghani and A.M.A. Al-Fusaiel

Abstract:
An overflow system for batch esterification of Crude Palm Oil (CPO) to obtain Palm Oil Biodiesel (POB) was developed using a batch reactor (shake flask). The alkali catalyst of potassium hydroxide had been used to carry the transestrication process with methanol; ultimately, 2 layers were form from the reaction-the lower layer of glycerol and the upper layer of methyl esters; the later layer is the targeted biodiesel. Optimization of the process was held for determining of the best possible yield of biodiesel at the end of the reaction which was 93.6%. This was carried by finding the optimal values of reaction time of 60 min, reaction temperature of 60°C, agitation speed of 250 rpm, molar ratio of methanol to oil of 10:1 (m/m) and dosage of the catalyst of 1.4 (%wt). Other experimental design and analytical tests were conducted including: density of POB at room temperature, 0.8498 kg L-1, surface tension at STP of 26.96 mN m-1, with Huh-Mason correction of 0.1 and finally free fatty acid percentage of 0.12% (equivalent to acid value of 0.26 mg KOH g-1).
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    An RFID-based Variable Rate Technology Fertilizer Applicator for Tree Crops
  •    Effects of Operational Variables on Rotary Valve Metering System for a Variable Rate Technology Fertilizer Applicator for Oil Palm
  •    Screening and Evaluation of Biocatalysts from Plant Sources for Trans-esterification Stage of Biodiesel Production
  •    Comparative Study of Microbial Fuel Cell for Electricity Generation by Enriched Exoelectron Generating Bacteria from Environmental Samples
How to cite this article:

A.N. Alkabbashi, Md Z. Alam, M.E.S. Mirghani and A.M.A. Al-Fusaiel, 2009. Biodiesel Production from Crude Palm Oil by Transesterification Process. Journal of Applied Sciences, 9: 3166-3170.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2009.3166.3170

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2009.3166.3170

 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

       

       

Curve Bottom