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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 9 | Issue: 12 | Page No.: 2294-2300
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2009.2294.2300
 
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Characterization of Sawdust Residues for Cyclone Gasifier

A. Miskam, Z.A. Zainal and I.M. Yusof

Abstract:
This study presents, the characterization of sawdust residues from Malaysian furniture industries for cyclone gasifier. The characterization of sawdust has been studied and evaluated to determine its potential utilization as a biomass fuel for cyclone gasifier. The raw sawdust was produced by cutter, sawing, sieve and sanding. The types of species of wood sawn timber used by the factory were Meranti (dark red, light red and red). The raw sawdust was pre-treated throughout a grinding process into smaller sizes of particles and sieve with three different mesh sizes (3.5, 1.2 and 0.6 mm). The sample of ground sawdust was analyzed for its biomass fuel characteristics. The results of proximate analysis shows that the ground sawdust with moisture content of 8.25% (wet basis) contains 14.04% of fixed carbon, 76.23% of volatile matter and 1.49% of ash on dry basis. The High Heating Value (HHV) of sawdust was found to be about 18.23 MJ kg-1 while the Low Heating Value (LHV) was about 16.54 MJ kg-1. The result of ultimate analysis validates both ash and moisture content which are found to be 1.49 and 8.25%, respectively. Other elemental compositions determined by the ultimate analysis are carbon (42.38%), hydrogen (5.27%), nitrogen (0.14%) and oxygen (42.41%). There is no sulphur detected in the sawdust. The study has identified that the sawdust from local furniture industries is comparable with other types of biomass and therefore, making it very potential as a source of fuel for the cyclone gasification system.
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How to cite this article:

A. Miskam, Z.A. Zainal and I.M. Yusof, 2009. Characterization of Sawdust Residues for Cyclone Gasifier. Journal of Applied Sciences, 9: 2294-2300.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2009.2294.2300

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2009.2294.2300

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