Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 462-470
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2008.462.470
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Predicting the Impact of Global Warming on the Middle East Region: Case Study on Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Using the Application of Geographical Information System

Mohammed Matouq

Abstract:
This study intends to analyze the metrological data like rain fall, temperature and humidity obtained from Jordanian metrological department, covering the period of 1955-2002. These obtained data were analyzed using the Geographic Information System (GIS) and converted into geographical maps. Three different parameters were investigated temperatures annual mean maximum and annual mean minimum, the average annual rainfall and the average annual relative humidity. The results show that no change in the average annual rainfall in both northern and eastern part of the kingdom, while it has been increases in the middle region of the kingdom. Although local temperatures fluctuates naturally, but over the past 50 years the average local temperature in Jordan has increased at very rapid rate since 1990 and it reached an elevation in temperature up to about 1.5-2°C. It is noticed that the global warming impact on Jordan weather has been started after the 1991, in which the phenomena of the global warming was noticed to have its impacts worldwide since that date. Due to the predicted increase in both maximum and minimum temperatures in some regions, the rate of evaporation will also tends to increase and hence higher relative humidity will be expected in that regions. The application of GIS in this analytical study was successfully used to analyze the data and to produce maps easy to understand the impact of global warming. GIS also helps to calculate the exact area where region experienced a change in temperature and or rain falls. This application will be the first in its application in Jordan at country level. The result will be in a great help for those in decision making in the field of environment.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Trend Detection of the Rainfall and Air Temperature Data in the Zayandehrud Basin
  •    Novel Approach of Geographic Information Systems on Recent Out-Breaks of Chikungunya in Tamil Nadu, India
  •    A Bounds Testing to Cointegration: An Examination of Natural Disasters and GDP Relationship in Southern Africa Region
How to cite this article:

Mohammed Matouq , 2008. Predicting the Impact of Global Warming on the Middle East Region: Case Study on Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Using the Application of Geographical Information System. Journal of Applied Sciences, 8: 462-470.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2008.462.470

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2008.462.470

COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom