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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 9 | Page No.: 1668-1675
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2008.1668.1675
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Removing Arsenic and Antimony by Phragmites australis: Rhizofiltration Technology

F. Ghassemzadeh, H. Yousefzadeh and M.H. Arbab-Zavar

Arsenic (As) and Antimony (Sb) are toxic heavy metals that often associated in contaminated environment. High As concentration is reported in Chelpo, Khorasan province, northeast Iran. This study examined the possibility of As and Sb in rhizofiltration by common reed, Phragmites australis. Plants collected from five sampling sites of Chelpo. As and Sb concentrations in roots and shoots were determined by Atomic absorption spectrometry. About 80% of total As accumulated in roots than shoot system. Maximum As and Sb accumulation in root and rhizomes were 84.5-16.20 and 73-10.20 ppb, respectively. As/Sb ratio of root and rhizome ranged from 35 to 194 and 10.42 to 99.9, respectively. Arsenic contents in roots of contaminated plants were significantly higher than antimony accumulation (p<0.01). There was antagonistic interaction between As, Sb with P contents in the roots of contaminated plants. Common reed establishment may be locally enhanced by significantly decreased phosphorous (1.79 and 1.18 times less than control plant root and rhizome), increased Iron (1.42 and 5.83 times more than control plant root and rhizome) Enzymatic antioxidants (Catalase, Ascorbate peroxidase and Guaicol peroxidase) increased significantly with increment of As uptake in root system. Root As and Sb accumulation with enhanced changes in metabolic changes indicates that P. australis could be used as As, Sb rhizofiltration agent in this region and similar contaminated area.
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How to cite this article:

F. Ghassemzadeh, H. Yousefzadeh and M.H. Arbab-Zavar, 2008. Removing Arsenic and Antimony by Phragmites australis: Rhizofiltration Technology. Journal of Applied Sciences, 8: 1668-1675.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2008.1668.1675






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