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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 933-935
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.933.935
 
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HIV/Tuberculosis Co-Infection among Patients Attending a Referral Chest Clinic in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

E.U. Umeh, D. Ishaleku and C.C. Iheukwumere

Abstract:
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) coinfection rate was investigated among patients referred to a chest clinic in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Out of the 344 patients who presented with respiratory problems at the clinic, 44.8% had M. tuberculosis infection, 24.7% HIV infection and 12.8% HIV/tubercle bacilli co-infection. Coinfection rate in HIV infected persons (HIV+) was 51.8 and 28.6% in those with M. tuberculosis infection. The relative risk of HIV positive persons being coinfected was 1.075, while it was 0.401 for TB infected persons. The estimated Odds Ratio (OR) shows that the risk of co-infection was 2.68 times higher among HIV+ persons than among those with tuberculosis. The attributable risk was 45% and shows the extent to which co-infection could be attributed to HIV infection. A key socio-economic variable, eating in groups, was significantly correlated with coinfection (r = 0.107; p< 0.05). The results of this study may provide a useful policy guide in the formulation of HIV and tuberculosis control measures in Nigeria.
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How to cite this article:

E.U. Umeh, D. Ishaleku and C.C. Iheukwumere , 2007. HIV/Tuberculosis Co-Infection among Patients Attending a Referral Chest Clinic in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 933-935.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.933.935

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2007.933.935

COMMENTS
11 June, 2009
Paul, Peter Nwogu:
i am pleased to see this article on the net. I'm a student of Microbiology 400 level Nasarawa State University Keffi, i am doing my research project work
on this topic. i will be happy to have a copy of your
work these research, to help me on my review about Nigeria and Nasarawa State at large. Thanks for your
cooperation
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