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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 20 | Page No.: 2918-2933
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.2918.2933
 
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Achieving Resource Conservation in Electronic Waste Management: A Review of Options Available to Developing Countries

Innocent Chidi Nnorom, Oladele Osibanjo and Stanley Onyedikachi Nnorom

Abstract:
Large quantities of waste electronic devices (e-waste) at their end-of-life, generated internally or imported illegally from developed countries, are currently being managed in the developing countries, through low-end means such as crude backyard recycling and disposal at unlined landfills or open dumps. The extension of the lifespan of electronic devices through reuse options such as repair, reconditioning and remanufacturing should be a priority in the management of electronic waste in developing countries considering the near absence of state-of-the-art recycling facilities in these countries. Life extension through product and component reuse is especially critical to electronic products because in recent years, electronics have increased in technological complexity, with new product innovations and ever shortening product life expectancy. For many products, environmentalists assume that reuse is environmentally beneficial because it replaces the manufacturing and purchase of new goods. However, on the contrary, manufacturers may oppose this type of reuse for the same reason. There is an urgent need to control the trans-boundary movement of electronic scrap especially to countries without established recycling facilities. Importations of secondhand electronics make such devices available to those who cannot afford new products. However, an international method of testing and certification is needed to ensure that exported secondhand devices are functional. Establishment of formal recycling facilities for e-waste in the developing countries will ensure resource reutilization with both economical and ecological gains. This study reviews options available in working towards eco-efficient management of e-waste in developing countries in the light of the present low-end management practices.
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How to cite this article:

Innocent Chidi Nnorom, Oladele Osibanjo and Stanley Onyedikachi Nnorom, 2007. Achieving Resource Conservation in Electronic Waste Management: A Review of Options Available to Developing Countries. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 2918-2933.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.2918.2933

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2007.2918.2933

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