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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 15 | Page No.: 2002-2005
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.2002.2005
 
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Batch Production of Trimetylolpropane Ester from Palm Oil as Lubricant Base Stock
Siti Zubaidah Sulaiman, A. Luqman Chuah and A. Fakhru`l-Razi

Abstract:
A batch process for the ransesterification of Palm Oil Methyl Ester (POME) with trimethylolpropane (TMP) to TMP ester was investigated in a mini pilot reactor. The process was equipped with a high vacuum pump. The experimental studies explored effects of vacuum pressure, temperature, molar ratio, catalyst amount and agitator speed on the overall conversion. Five liters of TMP esters containing 83 to 87 w/w % triesterss (TE) were successfully synthesized after 2 h of reaction time Application of vacuum pump enhanced conversion of TE (w/w %) for the process. High catalyst amount resulted in higher conversion of TE (w/w %) but increased in solid content of the product. This has reduced the product yield due to inefficient separation by gravity settling.
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How to cite this article:

Siti Zubaidah Sulaiman, A. Luqman Chuah and A. Fakhru`l-Razi , 2007. Batch Production of Trimetylolpropane Ester from Palm Oil as Lubricant Base Stock. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 2002-2005.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.2002.2005

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2007.2002.2005

 
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