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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 1013-1018
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.1013.1018
 
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Effect of Transportation Policies on Modal Shift from Private Car to Public Transport in Malaysia
Abdullah Nurdden, Riza Atiq O.K. Rahmat and Amiruddin Ismail

Abstract:
The car is the second (40%) most common mode of transportation in Malaysia. The rapid increase in the use of personal transportation has its roots in the weak Malaysian public transport system. As a result, traffic congestion, accidents, air pollution and need for parking space among other evils, have escalated. In this study, policies aimed at discouraging the use of private transportation were studied. In addition, this study sought to identify factors that prevent personal transport users from utilizing public transport so that rational policies could be formulated to encourage greater utilization of public transport. A survey was carried out on users of private and public (both bus and urban train transport) (n = 1200). A binary logit model was developed for the three alternative modes, Car, Bus and Train. This study found that age, gender, car ownership, travel time, travel cost, household size and income are significant factors in influencing the individual’s choice of transportation. The most important variables found likely to encourage the use of public transport were reduced travel time, reduce the distance from home to public transportation stations and subsidized fares. In conclusion, for the commuter to switch to public transport, proper incentives need to be provided for a successful implementation.
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How to cite this article:

Abdullah Nurdden, Riza Atiq O.K. Rahmat and Amiruddin Ismail, 2007. Effect of Transportation Policies on Modal Shift from Private Car to Public Transport in Malaysia. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 1013-1018.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.1013.1018

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2007.1013.1018

 
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