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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2003 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 341-345
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2003.341.345
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Contamination of Groundwater Resource in Zahedan City Due to Rapid Development

G. R. Lashkaripour

Zahedan city, the capital of Sistan and Baluchestan province lies in an arid area in the eastern part of Iran. The scarcity of available water resources in the region along with occurrence of severe drought during the last four years and rapid population growth rate have tremendously increased pressure on groundwater resources. However, large increases in water demand due to high population growth and changing lifestyle with little recharge have strained Zahedan`s groundwater resources. This phenomena resulting in serious declines in water levels and quality of groundwater in the major parts of Zahedan aquifer. Water demand in the city is estimated about 45 million liters day‾1 in summer. At present, the fresh water resource is limited to groundwater resource. Groundwater is provided from a small aquifer beneath the city that is called Zahedan aquifer with an area about 120 km2 and average thickness of about 20 m. Groundwater pollution and problem in water supply appear to be some of the most important reasons inhibiting the sustainable economic development of the city. The quality of groundwater deteriorated sharply during the recent years. The main reasons responsible for the deterioration of the groundwater deal in this paper.
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How to cite this article:

G. R. Lashkaripour , 2003. Contamination of Groundwater Resource in Zahedan City Due to Rapid Development. Journal of Applied Sciences, 3: 341-345.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2003.341.345






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