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Journal of Agronomy
  Year: 2015 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 43-48
DOI: 10.3923/ja.2015.43.48
Effects of Industrial Effluents on Germination and Early Growth of Selected Agricultural Crops
N. Ivy, M. K. Hossain and Md. L. Hossain

Abstract:
In Bangladesh, almost all the industrial units discharge their toxic liquid effluents to the nearby water bodies without any consideration of the environment. This study was carried out to show the effects of paper mill and textile and dyeing mill effluents on germination and early growth of selected agricultural crops namely green gram (Phaseolus mungo), mustard (Brassica napus) and jute (Corchorus capsularis). The study revealed that pH value of both paper mill and textile and dyeing mill effluents (8.90 and 11.00) crossed the usual range of water used for irrigation purpose. Besides, electric conductivity (5,150.00 μS cm-1), TDS (2,580.00 mg L-1) and Chloride (2240.00 mg L-1) exceeded the usual range in case of textile and dyeing effluents only. The germination percentage was maximum for mustard (100%) treated with 100% concentrations of effluent in case of treatment with paper mill effluent, whereas, in case of textile and dyeing effluent, with the increase of concentrations, germination percentage of green gram, mustard and jute seeds was found to reduce and green gram showed highest germination percentage than the other two crops. On the other hand, shoot, root and biomass growth of green gram, mustard and jute found to be impacted more negatively by textile and dyeing effluent than that is of paper mill effluent.
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How to cite this article:

N. Ivy, M. K. Hossain and Md. L. Hossain, 2015. Effects of Industrial Effluents on Germination and Early Growth of Selected Agricultural Crops. Journal of Agronomy, 14: 43-48.

DOI: 10.3923/ja.2015.43.48

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ja.2015.43.48

 
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