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International Journal of Zoological Research
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 26-32
DOI: 10.3923/ijzr.2020.26.32
 
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Assessment of Ecological and Conservation Impacts of Wildlife Exploitations as Bushmeat in Lokoja Forest Area, Kogi State, Nigeria

Tanko Dauda and Wada Francis Eneojo

Abstract:
Background and Objective: More recently, wildlife exploitation as bushmeat and other by-products have been recognized as having serious impacts in the ecosystem with the impact more pronounced in the Savannah biomes. This high exploitation of wildlife resources is done without considering their conservation and as such leads to extinction of these animals in the wild. This study was carried out to determined the level of exploitation of wildlife as bushmeat and how this could be a threat to the ecosystem of the area. Materials and Methods: A survey of wildlife use as bushmeat in Lokoja Government Area of Kogi state was carried. The study was aimed at documenting the species of wildlife exploited for bushmeat and the danger to conservation. Visits were made to local markets, villages, roadsides and bushmeat traders within Lokoja Local Government. Data was collected through visual observation and identification of encountered species, questionnaires and oral interviews with 60 respondents. Results: The result showed 19 animals species being exploited for bushmeat. The most exploited species were Hippo tragus equinus with 103 individuals followed by giant snails with the total of 95 individuals and Civettictis civetta was the lowest with 7 individuals. The month of April had the highest exploitation rate with 357 individuals, while May had the least exploitation rate with 158 individuals. Shannon-Wiener diversity index for the month of March was the highest (H'= 1.1626) followed by April with H' = 1.116. Conclusion: The study observed high rate of exploitation of wild animals for bushmeat in the area which is a threat to conservation if actions are not put in place to reduce the exploitation.
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How to cite this article:

Tanko Dauda and Wada Francis Eneojo, 2020. Assessment of Ecological and Conservation Impacts of Wildlife Exploitations as Bushmeat in Lokoja Forest Area, Kogi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Zoological Research, 16: 26-32.

DOI: 10.3923/ijzr.2020.26.32

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijzr.2020.26.32

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