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International Journal of Virology
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 61-70
DOI: 10.3923/ijv.2012.61.70
Molecular Characterization of Onion Yellow Dwarf Virus (Garlic Isolate) with Production of Virus-free Plantlets
Ahmed M. Soliman, Sabry Y.M. Mahmoud and Rehab A. Dawood

Abstract:
Garlic samples showing symptoms of Onion Yellow Dwarf Virus (OYDV) were obtained from previous study and tested by indirect-enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (I-ELISA), transmitted to Chenopodium amaranticolor and then confirmed by immunosorbent electron microscopy (ISEM) for the presence of OYDV. PCR primers were used to amplify about 1.1 kb fragment from the viral genome using RT-PCR from infected garlic plants, such fragment were not obtained from healthy- looking plants and/or virus-free seedlings of shoot-tips. The amplified products of OYDV was cloned into pGEM®-T Easy vector and transformed into Escherichia coli strain DH5a. The recombinant plasmids were obtained and sequenced. The nucleotide sequences were compared with corresponding viral nucleotide sequences reported in GenBank. The sequence analysis showed that; nucleotide sequence of OYDV-EG [Egyptian isolate (HM473189)] had 82-96% similarity compared with ten reported OYDV isolates. Thus, a method of identification and detection by RT-PCR of OYDV was established. This study also aimed to obtain OYDV-free plants from infected garlic plants using cloves subjected to electrotherapy, thermotherapy, chemotherapy or meristematic dissection followed by in vitro culture. A combination treatment with electro- and chemotherapy (15 mA/10 min + 20 mg L-1 virazol) was found to more effective on viral elimination and survival of explants. ELISA tests showed that 85% of the plantlets that survived were OYDV-negative.
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How to cite this article:

Ahmed M. Soliman, Sabry Y.M. Mahmoud and Rehab A. Dawood, 2012. Molecular Characterization of Onion Yellow Dwarf Virus (Garlic Isolate) with Production of Virus-free Plantlets. International Journal of Virology, 8: 61-70.

DOI: 10.3923/ijv.2012.61.70

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijv.2012.61.70

 
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