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International Journal of Soil Science
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 25-31
DOI: 10.3923/ijss.2017.25.31
 
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Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Plant Growth and Reclamation of Barren Soil with Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop

Ajay Pal and Sonali Pandey

Abstract:
Background and Objective: In many semi-arid and barren regions of the world, drought confines the crop productivity. Inoculations of plant with Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are effective in improving crop production under barren-conditions. This study will investigate the importance of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in crop productivity and restoration and reestablishment of degraded ecosystems. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted to determine the effects of 3 different indigenous AM fungi i.e., Glomus mosseae, Glomus fasciculatum and Gigaspora decipiens either single and in combination inoculation on growth enhancement of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in the pot experiment under barren soil conditions. Results: Various parameters like plant height, root length, shoot biomass, root biomass, fruit size and AM colonization were found to be maximum in G. mosseae (alone) and G. mosseae+G. fasciculatum treatments, whereas other parameters like photosynthetic pigment were found to be highest (1.69 mg g–1) in combined inoculation of G. mosseae+G. fasciculatum treatment respectively (site II). Conclusion: Experimental results showed that AM fungi treated barren soil improved their physicochemical properties as compared to non-mycorrhizal treatment. This result re-affirms the prime necessity of mycorrhiza in semi-arid conditions. Thus the introduction of mycorrhizal fungi in barren land is a key tool to improve the quality of soil and plant growth.
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How to cite this article:

Ajay Pal and Sonali Pandey, 2017. Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Plant Growth and Reclamation of Barren Soil with Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop. International Journal of Soil Science, 12: 25-31.

DOI: 10.3923/ijss.2017.25.31

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijss.2017.25.31

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