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International Journal of Soil Science
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 1-9
DOI: 10.3923/ijss.2017.1.9
 
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Biochar Derived from Sugarcane Industry Waste Increasing Productivity of Degraded Land

Titiek Islami , Erwin Ismu Wisnubroto and Waego Hadi Nugroho

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Organic amendments, such as manure and charred organic matter, are largely used to improve the properties of degraded land. An experiment was carried out to study the possibility for using biochar made from sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) industry waste to increase the productivity of degraded land in East Java Indonesia. The main objective of this experiment was to study the changes in soil properties that favor sugarcane growth and productivity following the application of various organic amendments. Materials and Methods: The soil amendments were carried out on dry land in the village of Wringin Anom, Blitar District, East Java, Indonesia from September, 2011-June, 2014. This 3 year experiment was designed to study the immediate effects of organic amendment and the subsequent residue of organic amendments on plant production. The soil was planted with sugarcane, the BL variety and treated with organic amendment of (1) Farm Yard Manure (FYM), (2) Sugarcane filter mud (filter mud), (3) Biochar made from sugarcane filter mud (filter mud biochar), (4) Sugarcane processing boiler ash (boiler ash) and (5) Without organic amendment as the control. These treatments were arranged in a randomized block design with 4 replicates. The data was analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with a 95% degree of significance. Results: The Results showed that application of FYM, filter mud, biochar made from filter mud and boiler ash improved the soil fertility status of degraded land, as indicated by increasing soil organic C, Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) and various plant nutrients. The improvements in soil fertility status were followed by increasing cane yield, as well as sugar content. Conclusion: It was concluded that by following three years of sugarcane planting, the filtered cake biochar and boiler ash consistently showed higher sugarcane production than other organic amendment treatments. Boiler ash showed the best potential for use as a soil organic amendment to improve soil physical properties and subsequently increase sugarcane production.
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How to cite this article:

Titiek Islami, Erwin Ismu Wisnubroto and Waego Hadi Nugroho, 2017. Biochar Derived from Sugarcane Industry Waste Increasing Productivity of Degraded Land. International Journal of Soil Science, 12: 1-9.

DOI: 10.3923/ijss.2017.1.9

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijss.2017.1.9

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