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International Journal of Poultry Science
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 17 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 197-204
DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2018.197.204
Effects of Transportation Duration on Broiler Chicken Physiology and Performance Factors
Niken Ulupi, S.S. Aryani, F.T. Evni and R. Nugraha

Abstract:
Background and Objective: In Indonesia, broiler chicken transportation traditionally occurs post-harvest and entails travel from farm to chicken slaughter house. Transportation usually takes place during the day without shade or isolation, which causes stress in the chickens, leading to body weight reduction and increased mortality. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of transportation duration on broiler chicken physiology. Methodology: A total of 45 broiler chicken (35-40 days old) were used in this study (average body weight: 1.40-1.90 kg/32). Chickens were transported from farms to a slaughter house in Pondok Rumput, Bogor across either in 1, 2 or 3 h. The variables measured include red blood and white blood profiles, stress index (descriptively analyzed) and chicken performance (statistically analyzed). Results: High temperatures during transport and density of transported chicken affected lymphocytes (H/L: 1.25) and blood glucose concentration (lowest: 135.47 mg dL–1). However, there were no significant effects on body weight (3.32-3.93%) across time points and no deaths occurred. Conclusion: Three hours of travel time resulted in the highest levels of stress but did not affect body weight or mortality.
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How to cite this article:

Niken Ulupi, S.S. Aryani, F.T. Evni and R. Nugraha, 2018. Effects of Transportation Duration on Broiler Chicken Physiology and Performance Factors. International Journal of Poultry Science, 17: 197-204.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2018.197.204

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2018.197.204

 
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