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International Journal of Poultry Science
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 10 | Page No.: 415-423
DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2017.415.423
 
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The Effect of Medicinal Herb Inclusion on Hematologic Status and Blood Lipid Profiles in Broiler Chickens
Urip Santoso , Yosi Fenita and Kususiyah

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The use of antibiotics as a feed supplement in broiler chickens is not recommended and therefore, antibiotics should be substituted with alternative compounds. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of medicinal herb powder inclusion on hematological status, blood lipid profiles, internal organ weight and toxicity score in female broiler chickens. Materials and Methods: One hundred sixty-eight female broiler chickens aged 15 days were distributed into 7 groups. Each treatment group consisted of 4 replicates and each replicate consisted of 6 broilers. The 7 treatments were as follows: 1) broilers were fed a diet with no medicinal herbs as the control (P0), 2) broilers were fed with 5% Sauropus androgynus (S. androgynus) leaf powder (P1), 3) broilers were fed a diet with 5% bay leaf powder (P2), 4) broilers were fed a diet with 5% basil leaf powder (P3), 5) broilers were fed a diet with 5% papaya leaf powder (P4), 6) broilers were fed a diet with 5% Moringa leaf powder (P5) and 7) broilers were fed a diet with 5% noni fruit powder. Results: Sauropus androgynus leaf contained the highest protein content, at 34.37%, while noni fruit and basil leaf were rich in iron, at 7.80 and 6.43 ppm, respectively, followed by papaya leaf and Sauropus androgynus leaf, at 5.61 and 4.02 ppm, respectively. The noni fruit contained the highest crude fiber content (19.33%) followed by bay leaf (17.73%) and Sauropus androgynus leaf (14.16%). Experimental results showed that medicinal herb inclusion affected WBC (p<0.01) and lymphocytes (p<0.01) but had no effect on RBC, Hb, PCV, MCV, MCH, MCHC and thrombocytes, P4 had the lowest WBC counts (p<0.01). Experimental results showed that the inclusion of medicinal herbs increased HDL (p<0.01), reduced LDL (p<0.05), triglycerides (p<0.01) and LDL/HDL ratio (p<0.01) but had no effect on total cholesterol. Conclusion: Selected medicinal herb inclusion reduced blood triglycerides, LDL and LDL/HDL ratio but increased HDL. Papaya and Sauropus androgynus leaves increased lymphocyte counts.
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How to cite this article:

Urip Santoso, Yosi Fenita and Kususiyah , 2017. The Effect of Medicinal Herb Inclusion on Hematologic Status and Blood Lipid Profiles in Broiler Chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science, 16: 415-423.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2017.415.423

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2017.415.423

 
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