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International Journal of Poultry Science
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 536-544
DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2009.536.544
Genetic Improvement of Local Chickens by Crossing with the Label Rouge (T55XSA51): Growth Performances and Heterosis Effects
I.A.K. Youssao, M. Senou, M. Dahouda, M.T. Kpodekon, J. Djenontin, N-D. Idrissou, G.A. Bonou, U.P. Tougan, S. Ahounou, H.M. Assogba, E. Bankole, X. Rognon and M. Tixier-Boichard

Abstract:
The study of Genetic improvement of local chickens by crossing with the Label Rouge was carried out on the Experimentation Farm of the Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, from August 2007 to may 2008. At the hatching, 6 lots of chicks were made up: the lot MnFl, composed of 47 chicks resulting from the crossing between females Label Rouge and males of North ecotype; the lot MlFn, composed of 58 chicks resulting from the crossing between North females and males Label Rouge; the lot MsFl, composed of 36 chicks resulting from the crossing between Label Rouge females and males of the South ecotype; the lot of north local chickens composed of 112 chicks; the lot of South local chickens composed of 128 chicks and the lot of Label Rouge composed of 204 chicks. Label Rouge have an age-type weight significantly higher than the cross ones (p<0.05) and those have also an age-type weight more significant than the local chickens (p<0.01). The Label Rouge had more important feed intake than the local chickens and the crossbreeds had a feed intake intermediate between the ones of the Label Rouge and the local chickens. Among the chickens resulting from a parent of North ecotype, the hens resulting from a cock of North ecotype had a weak feed efficiency compared to the one resulting from females of North ecotype. The weight average heterosis was 21.95, 14.47 and 27.69%, respectively for the cross MnFl, MlFn and MsFl. Those of the female were 1.17; 23.2 and 4.62%, respectively for the cross MnFl, MlFn and MsFl. A negative heterosis effect was obtained for the feed intake and the feed efficiency of the various crossbreeds.
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How to cite this article:

I.A.K. Youssao, M. Senou, M. Dahouda, M.T. Kpodekon, J. Djenontin, N-D. Idrissou, G.A. Bonou, U.P. Tougan, S. Ahounou, H.M. Assogba, E. Bankole, X. Rognon and M. Tixier-Boichard, 2009. Genetic Improvement of Local Chickens by Crossing with the Label Rouge (T55XSA51): Growth Performances and Heterosis Effects. International Journal of Poultry Science, 8: 536-544.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2009.536.544

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2009.536.544

COMMENTS
16 January, 2015
Amos Buhembere Kanire :
l'm a Tanzania man age 42 years old and at the present lam completed a Diploma in Animal production at livestock training institute Morogoro Tanzania.

l'm practices to cross the poultry for looking to get a better breed for production of eggs and meat quantity also growth rate so I like so much to get wise knowledge from you thank you very much

yours faithful Amos B Kanire
06 April, 2015
Amos Buhembere Kanire :

My target to support small holder farmer by emproving the crossing the local chicken And exotic by aiming of getting high egg production and meet production. Also the use the natural pesticide by using Onion,garlic and alovera for control the disease to the poultry. Within of the diseases is bronchial pneumonia,fowl typhoid,fowl cholera and Avian influenza

31 August, 2016
Wilbroad Fidelis Kaovela:

I am a man from Tanzania completed a bachelor Degree of science in biology i am very interested on your lesson concerning about chicken rearing.

 
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