Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 205-213
DOI: 10.3923/ijpbg.2014.205.213
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Selection of Barley Varieties for their Yield Potential at Low Rain Fall Area Based on Both Quantitative and Qualitative Characters North West Tigray, Shire, Ethiopia

Bedasa Mekonnon

Abstract:
Although, Ethiopia is a center of diversity for barley, most of the country’s farmer still obtain very low yield due to a combination of genetic, environmental and socio-economic constraints. For this study, a total of ten barley varieties were collected and arranged in randomized complete block design with four replications to select barley varieties for their yield potential at low rain fall area based on both quantitative and qualitative characters North West Tigray, Shire, Ethiopia in 2011 main cropping season at Shire the well foundation Organization FTC. Number of tillering, plant height, days to heading, days to maturity, grain failing period, grain yield, seeds per spike, spike length, biological yield, harvest index and straw yield were evaluated and analyzed by SAS and JMP5 statistical software. Analysis of variance indicates that variations were observed in all agronomic traits which highly influence yield performance. Variety that possessed a maximum plant height, large spike length and high number of seed per spike was produced high grain yield than the other varieties (103.25, 7 cm, 40 seed spike-1 and 19.445 q ha-1 , respectively). Among the varieties, Biftu (V2) was possessed the highest grain yield (19 q ha-1) both in quality and quantity than other varieties at low rain fall area as compared to other varieties V3 (local) (11.110), V10 (12.500) and V9 (13.195) q ha-1, respectively which were produced smaller grain yield. These data indicates that plant height, spike length and number of seed per spike were the most agronomic traits that affect the grain yield performance of barley than the other traits at low rain fall area. The finding indicates that, improved varieties of barley were produced higher grain yield than farmer variety.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Genotypic Diversity and Interrelationship of Characters in Ethiopian Food Barley (Hordium vulgare L.) Landraces
  •    Response of Durum and Bread wheat Genotypes to Drought Stress: Biomass and Yield Components
How to cite this article:

Bedasa Mekonnon , 2014. Selection of Barley Varieties for their Yield Potential at Low Rain Fall Area Based on Both Quantitative and Qualitative Characters North West Tigray, Shire, Ethiopia. International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics, 8: 205-213.

DOI: 10.3923/ijpbg.2014.205.213

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijpbg.2014.205.213

COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom