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International Journal of Pharmacology
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 505-513
DOI: 10.3923/ijp.2016.505.513
Antihyperglycemic, Antihyperlipidemic and Modulatory Effects of Apple Cider Vinegar on Digestive Enzymes in Experimental Diabetic Rats
Ben Hmad Halima, Khlifi Sarra, Ben Jemaa Houda, Gara Sonia and Aouidet Abdallah

Abstract:
Background: Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is an ancient folk remedy and it is common for patients with diabetes daily because of its positive effect on blood glucose and insulin sensitivity. The present study was undertaken to investigate the possible antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects of ACV, particularly in terme of its inhibitory effects on some carbohydrate metabolising enzymes in the intestine and the livers in normal and diabetic rats. Materials and Methods: The assays of the present study were conducted on adult male Wistar rats. The animals were fasted overnight and diabetes mellitus was induced by an intraperitoneal injection of freshly prepared streptozotocin (STZ). Control rats were injected with citrate buffer only. The ACV was administrated orally during 4 weeks. Results: Our findings indicated that the admnistration of ACV significantly decreased intestinal maltase, sucrase and lactase and hepatic glucokinase (GK) activities which led to a significant decrease in blood glucose rate and an increase in hepatic glycogen levels. In addition to that, significant increase in hepatic phosphofructokinase (PFK) and glucose 6 dehydrogenase (G6PDH) was observed. Moreover, the treatment with ACV potentially inhibited key enzymes of lipid metabolism and absorption such as lipase activity in small intestine which led to a notable decrease in serum Total Cholesterol (TC), Low Density Lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c) and triglyceride (TG) rates and an increase in High Density Lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-c) levels. The ACV was also observed to protect the liver-kidney functions efficiently, which were evidenced by the significant decrease in the serum aspartate and lactate transaminases (AST and ALT) activities and the level of total and direct bilirubin, creatinine and urea. Conclusion: The present findings showed that ACV significant improves glucose and lipid homeostatis in diabetes by delaying carbohydrate and lipid digestion and absorption.
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How to cite this article:

Ben Hmad Halima, Khlifi Sarra, Ben Jemaa Houda, Gara Sonia and Aouidet Abdallah, 2016. Antihyperglycemic, Antihyperlipidemic and Modulatory Effects of Apple Cider Vinegar on Digestive Enzymes in Experimental Diabetic Rats. International Journal of Pharmacology, 12: 505-513.

DOI: 10.3923/ijp.2016.505.513

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijp.2016.505.513

COMMENTS
12 November, 2016
Chrissy Andrus:
I am excited to present this information to fellow nutrition experts. Thank you!
 
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