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International Journal of Dairy Science
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 190-197
DOI: 10.3923/ijds.2011.190.197
Beneficial Effect of Camel Milk on Liver and Kidneys Function in Diabetic Sprague-Dawley Rats
E.M. Hamad, E.A. Abdel-Rahim and E.A. Romeih

Abstract:
Recently, several studies demonstrated the potential health attributes of camel milk. The present study was designed to explore the effect of camel milk - compared to cow and buffalo milks on blood glucose and liver and kidneys function. Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups. For comparison, one group was used as a normal control, while the remaining four groups were injected with streptozotocin in order to induce diabetes. One of the diabetic groups were used as a Diabetic Control Group (DCG), whereas, three diabetic groups were fed on diets containing cow (COM), buffalo (BFG) or camel milks (CMG) for six weeks. Insulin content in camel milk (58.67±2.01 U L-1) was more than that of cow or buffalo milks (17.01±0.96 and 16.21±0.95 U L-1, respectively). Feeding diabetic rats on camel milk was showing a higher hypoglycemic effect (~49.2 %) than that of either COM or BFG (~11.6 and 11.1%, respectively) compared to the DCG group. Giving camel milk led to an improvement in activities of alanine amino-transferase and aspartate amino-transferase by 41 and 38%, respectively; compared to the DCG rats. A significant (p<0.05) reduction effects on uric acid, urea and creatinine levels were observed in the CMG, COG and BFG groups. The present work confirms the hypoglycemic effect of camel milk as well as marked improvements in liver and kidneys function, which was greater than those of COG and BFG groups. Indeed, extensive research on camel milk is still needed to identify the relevance components of these healthy functions.
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How to cite this article:

E.M. Hamad, E.A. Abdel-Rahim and E.A. Romeih, 2011. Beneficial Effect of Camel Milk on Liver and Kidneys Function in Diabetic Sprague-Dawley Rats. International Journal of Dairy Science, 6: 190-197.

DOI: 10.3923/ijds.2011.190.197

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijds.2011.190.197

 
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