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International Journal of Botany
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 176-181
DOI: 10.3923/ijb.2010.176.181
 
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Fucoidan in Some Indian Brown Seaweeds Found along the Coast Gulf of Mannar

T. Eluvakkal, S.R. Sivakumar and K. Arunkumar

Abstract:
Fucoidan is a hetero-polymer of sulfated L-fucose extracted from brown seaweeds, sea urchin, sea cucumber etc. that display diverse bioactivity. In this investigation, yield, total carbohydrate, L-fucose and sulphate content of crude fucoidan extracted from 11 abundantly occurring brown seaweeds along the coast of Gulf of Mannar (Rameswaram regions), India were evaluated by adopting two different methods. A maximum amount of crude fucoidan was recorded from Sargassum wightii (7.15 % alga dry wt.) followed by Dictyota dichotoma, Turbinaria ornata, T. conoides, T. decurrens, Sargassum myriocystum, S. ilicifolium, S. marginatum, Padina boergesenii, P. gymnospora and Stoechospermum marginatum (2.13% alga dry wt.). Highest L-fucose content of 232.5 mg g-1 dry crude fucoidan (23.25% in crude fucoidan ) was extracted in Sargassum wightii among the 11 seaweeds studied. Maximum sulphate content of 98.7 mg g-1 dry crude fucoidan (9.87% in crude fucoidan ) was also recorded in Sargassum wightii. A method that yield maximum crude fucoidan constitute less L-fucose whereas the other method that extracted low crude fucoidan constitute high L-fucose content. Some of the brown seaweeds occurring along the coast of Gulf of Mannar contained potential yield of fucoidan. The yield and quality of fucoidan extracted from seaweeds were depending on the method followed for the extraction. The yield of fucoidan was varied among the brown seaweeds likely to be species specific.
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How to cite this article:

T. Eluvakkal, S.R. Sivakumar and K. Arunkumar, 2010. Fucoidan in Some Indian Brown Seaweeds Found along the Coast Gulf of Mannar. International Journal of Botany, 6: 176-181.

DOI: 10.3923/ijb.2010.176.181

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijb.2010.176.181

COMMENTS
18 April, 2011
Cindy Marquez:
Thank you very much for the information, but in what part of sea urchin can you extract fucoidan?
23 November, 2015
K. Arunkumar :

As I known extraction of fucoidan in seaweeds, I suggest as all parts of seaweeds having fucoidan. I sea urchin also having fucoidan in all parts but quantity vary from parts to parts as in seaweeds too.

09 August, 2016
akanksha dubey:
thank you sir for wonderful information.but i wanted to know the detailed procedure used for extraction method 1 and method 2.
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