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International Journal of Botany
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 5 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 135-143
DOI: 10.3923/ijb.2009.135.143
 
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Effects of Salinity Stress on Growth, Ions Partitioning and Yield of Some Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) Cultivars

Victor Desire Taffouo, Joseph Kemdem Kouamou, Louis Marie Tchiengue Ngalangue, Bop Alain Nandjou Ndjeudji and Amougou Akoa

Abstract:
In this study, twenty one cowpea cultivars (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) were tested for their salt tolerance at different degrees of salinity; 0, 50, 100 and 200 mM of NaCl, in both the laboratory and field conditions. In the laboratory, Na+, K+, K/Na ratio, plant height, roots dry weights, stems and leaves were investigated. In the field conditions, yield components (weight of 1000 seeds, number of pods per plant, total chlorophyll and grains yield) were determined in harvesting phase. Results showed that K+ concentration, K/Na ratio, seedlings height and total chlorophyll were significantly decreased by salt solutions, especially by 200 mM and the magnitude of reduction varied according to cultivars. Na+ was significantly increased with increasing NaCl concentrations in all plant organs. Roots dry weights as well as stems and leaves decreased significantly in all cultivars with increasing salinity except in organs of Bambey 21 (V11), IT97K-556-4 (V3) and IT04K-332-1 (V10) cultivars. Under field conditions, the weight of 1000 seeds, the number of pods per plant and grains yield were affected by soil salinity at 50 mM of all cultivars except in Bambey 21, IT97K-556-4 and IT04K-332-1. The results obtained during vegetative growth and harvesting phase suggested that Bambey 21, IT97K-556-4 and IT04K-332-1 cultivars were relatively tolerant to salinity than others. Bambey 21, IT97K-556-4 and IT04K-332-1 cultivars could be grown in environments with varying salinity.
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How to cite this article:

Victor Desire Taffouo, Joseph Kemdem Kouamou, Louis Marie Tchiengue Ngalangue, Bop Alain Nandjou Ndjeudji and Amougou Akoa, 2009. Effects of Salinity Stress on Growth, Ions Partitioning and Yield of Some Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) Cultivars. International Journal of Botany, 5: 135-143.

DOI: 10.3923/ijb.2009.135.143

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijb.2009.135.143

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