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International Journal of Agricultural Research
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 10 | Page No.: 494-499
DOI: 10.3923/ijar.2012.494.499
 
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Physical and Mechanical Properties of “Egusi” Melon (Citrullus colocynthis lanatus var. lanatus) Fruit
Y.M. Bande, N.M. Adam, B.O. Jamarei and Y. Azmi

Abstract:
The aim of the present work is to determine the physical and mechanical properties of Egusi melon fruits. These properties are required for the purpose of mechanizing the harvest and post harvest operations of the fruits, such as storage, transportation, processing and packaging. This paper presents some of these properties in relation to the “Egusi” fruit and how they were determined and values obtained. It uses have been identified in medicine, cosmetics and as a biodiesel feedstock. Basic dimensions and mass were determined with a digital gauge and scale with accuracy 0.01 mm and 0.01 g, respectively. Maximum length, width, thickness and mass of 100 samples were 12.86 cm, 12.53 cm, 15.52 cm and 1031.5 g, respectively. Arithmetic and Geometric mean diameters were between 5.68-13.63 and 5.58-13.22 cm while mean Bulk and True densities were 404.98 and 1074.6 kg m-3 on 3 and 6 runs, respectively. The sphericity and aspect ratio were about 1, with average packaging coefficient on 5 separate runs of 33.49. The average vertical and horizontal weight to break the fruit was 121.23 and 74.09 kg, respectively. These findings will guide Egusi harvesting machine design and also gives information on loading capacity in transportation and storage of the harvested fruit prior to processing.
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How to cite this article:

Y.M. Bande, N.M. Adam, B.O. Jamarei and Y. Azmi, 2012. Physical and Mechanical Properties of “Egusi” Melon (Citrullus colocynthis lanatus var. lanatus) Fruit. International Journal of Agricultural Research, 7: 494-499.

DOI: 10.3923/ijar.2012.494.499

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijar.2012.494.499

 
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