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International Journal of Agricultural Research
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 2 | Issue: 8 | Page No.: 696-703
DOI: 10.3923/ijar.2007.696.703
Assessment on the Replacement Value of the Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Plant By-Products for Their Fodder Potential in Complete Diet of Ruminants
R. Amarnath and V. Balakrishnan

Abstract:
In an effort to assess the replacement value of banana by-products viz., stem, psedostem and leaves over conventional roughage ten iso-nitrogenous and isocalorofic rations were formulated. Conventional roughage at 60% in the complete diet (control) replaced by any of the banana by-products viz., stem, psedostem and leaves either individually or in combination at two levels (30 or 60%) was evaluated in four measurements at 24 h through Hoheneim gas production test on digestibility and rumen fermentation pattern. The percent molar proportion of acetate: butyrate: propionate across the diets ranges from 63.8-86:1.7-6.5:11.5-30.66. The level of banana leaves in the complete diet proportionately influenced acetate to propionate ratio. Consequently Non Glucogenic Ratio (NGR) was also influenced and the impact was observed wherever leaves are included in the diet. The values of true digestibility indicated that leaves and psedostem at 30% in complete diet were comparable to control. It was observed that as the level of inclusion of leaves or pseudostem increased from 30 to 60%, depression (p<0.05) in digestibility was noticed, where as such trend was not observed in stem and were comparable to 60% of combination of any two banana by-products. The ATP yield for the ten different complete diets did not show any significant difference. However, the efficiency of microbial biomass production revealed that only banana leaves at 30% was comparable to control and the rest were significantly (p<0.05) lower. The YATP was highest (p<0.05) in control followed by leaves at 30%. The data on YATP, volatile fatty acids, gas produced, microbial mass generated in relation to degraded substrate of the ten complete diets indicate that control diet had the most preferred fermentable characteristics and comparable to that was leaves at 30%, where as rest diets were inferior. Hence it is concluded that banana leaves could be used in complete diet up to 30% inclusion level.
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How to cite this article:

R. Amarnath and V. Balakrishnan, 2007. Assessment on the Replacement Value of the Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Plant By-Products for Their Fodder Potential in Complete Diet of Ruminants. International Journal of Agricultural Research, 2: 696-703.

DOI: 10.3923/ijar.2007.696.703

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijar.2007.696.703

 
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