Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
Curve Top
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 30-37
DOI: 10.3923/ecologia.2020.30.37
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Gastrointestinal Helminths of Captive Non-human Primates in Cameroon

Wamba Gery, Mpoame Mbida, Mamoudou Abdoulmoumini and Sevidzem Silas Lendzele

Background and Objective: Gastrointestinal helminths prevail in non-human primates in captive sites of Cameroon. This study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in captive non-human primates (NHPs). Materials and Methods: The faeces of 240 NHPs were analysed using standard parasitological techniques in 4 captive sites. Results: The overall prevalence was 62.5%. The prevalence with respect to site was 95% in Garoua zoo, 50.6% in Limbe Wildlife Centre, 82.9% in Mvog-Betsi Zoo-Botanical Garden and 58.2% in Mefou Primate Sanctuary. Sixteen parasite species were identified including: 6 protozoans, 6 nematodes, 1 trematode, 2 cestodes and 1 unidentified cyst. Balantidium coli was the most prevalent protozoa (18.3%), Trichuris sp. was the most prevalent nematode (12.9%), Taenia sp. was the most prevalent cestode (2.9%) and Schistosoma sp. was the only trematode (0.4%). High parasite prevalence was noticed in guenons and mangabeys, followed by papionines with baboons being the most infected. Apes like Chimpanzees had the lowest prevalence (50.7%). Mangabeys and guenons had the highest egg per gram count (EPG) (350±0 and 387.5±151.83), followed by papionines and baboons. Apes had the lowest EPG and was higher in chimpanzees (149.32±178.05). Body condition score decreased as EPG increased. It was noticed that EPG differed greatly with NHP. Enhancing risk factors like housing, group size, density and category of captive sites, all influenced EPG. Conclusion: Gastrointestinal helminths occur in non-human primates of Cameroon and their infestation rates and burden depends on associated risk factors.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

Wamba Gery, Mpoame Mbida, Mamoudou Abdoulmoumini and Sevidzem Silas Lendzele, 2020. Gastrointestinal Helminths of Captive Non-human Primates in Cameroon. Ecologia, 10: 30-37.

DOI: 10.3923/ecologia.2020.30.37






Curve Bottom