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Current Research in Chemistry
  Year: 2022 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 1-8
DOI: 10.3923/crc.2022.1.8
 
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Water Pollution: Causes and Effects in Bomadi Town, Bomadi LGA, Delta State

D. O. Ejemeyovwi and O.S. Ejemeyovwi

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Water is difficult to obtain in Bomadi and its supply is unreliable in the sparsely populated area of the Niger-Delta Region. Water pollution in the area resulted from the wrong siting of well/borehole close to sewage tank and dumping of refuse/sewage in the water. This study identified various water sources, causes and effects of pollution based on evaluated physico-chemical and biological characteristics. Materials and Methods: The primary sources of data include an oral interview and water chemical analysis while the secondary data are published works in journals, textbooks, etc. Six sample point sources from river, well and borehole was analysed based on the international standard procedure of water collection, storage in a dried disinfected bottle and immediate refrigeration. These are analysed in government-approved laboratories with equipment different types of equipment. Results: The water chemical analysis in Bomadi present various substances within, above and below WHO acceptable limits. Substances found from the analysis include pH, copper, Ca, Mg, Fe, Pb, Cd and Zn, the anion value of carbonate (0.01 mg L1), bicarbonate (6.30mg L1), sulphate (10.15 mg L1) and nitrate (5.55 mg L1) are obtained. Conclusion: Based on health data from the general hospital and oral interviews conducted, the health problems associated with polluted water in the area are heart and kidney, poor blood circulation, gastroenteritis, respiratory illnesses, complications in childbirth, damage to the nervous system, skin lesions, vomiting, cholera, and damage to the nervous system amongst others.
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How to cite this article:

D. O. Ejemeyovwi and O.S. Ejemeyovwi, 2022. Water Pollution: Causes and Effects in Bomadi Town, Bomadi LGA, Delta State. Current Research in Chemistry, 14: 1-8.

DOI: 10.3923/crc.2022.1.8

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=crc.2022.1.8

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