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Current Research in Chemistry
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 1-7
DOI: 10.3923/crc.2019.1.7
 
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Monitoring of Organochlorine Pesticides Residue Contamination Levels in Poultry Feeds in North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Demis Zelelew and Berhanu Mekassa

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: The consumption of food products from animal origin and environmental exposure remain the main sources of organochlorine pesticides residues (OCPs) in human diets. This study assessed levels of OCPs in poultry feed obtained from three feed mills in north shewa Zone, Ethiopia. Materials and Methods: The proximate analysis was carried out using method described by AOAC and analysis of organochlorine pesticides with GC-ECD. Results: The proximate analysis mean levels are as follows: Moisture {broiler feed (6.33±0.8%), layer mash ( 7.00±1.8%)}, ash {broilers (8.33±2.6%), layers (9.17±4.9%)}, fibre {broilers (0.33±0.2%), layers (0.20±0.2%)}, dry matter {broilers (93.7±0.8%), layers (93.0±1.7%)}. The mean OCPs values ranged from 0.34-14.8 ng kg1 in broilers and 0.20-5.22 ng kg1 in layers mash. In broilers feed, aldrin, endosulfan I and endrin, exceeded the Maximum Residue Limits (MRL) for animal feed for OCPs, while in layers mash, aldrin and endrin aldehyde exceeded the MRL limits. Conclusion: These results indicated the presence of organochlorine pesticides in poultry feeds which could bioaccumulate and eventually lead to the contamination of table eggs and table meats as a result of these endocrine disruptors. The study observed that from the detected analytes seven of them above the international MRL values and suggested that stringent monitoring of use of pesticides in poultry feed and food of animal origin is required.
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How to cite this article:

Demis Zelelew and Berhanu Mekassa, 2019. Monitoring of Organochlorine Pesticides Residue Contamination Levels in Poultry Feeds in North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Current Research in Chemistry, 11: 1-7.

DOI: 10.3923/crc.2019.1.7

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=crc.2019.1.7

 
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