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Current Research in Chemistry
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 5 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 11-18
DOI: 10.3923/crc.2013.11.18
 
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Production of Rubber Seed Oil Based Biodiesel Using Different Catalysts
S.O. Omorogbe, E.U. Ikhuoria, A.I. Aigbodion, E.O. Obazee and V.M. Momodu

Abstract:
Biodiesel was obtained from crude and refined rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) seed oil (RSO) by transesterification using different catalysts: sodium hydroxide (1), sodium metal (2), sulphuric acid (3), phosphoric acid (4), clay acid (5) and alkaline (6) activated. The yield, physico-chemical and fuel properties of the biodiesel were determined. The physico-chemical and fuel properties were compared to that of the commercial diesel fuel. The methyl ester yield from the crude RSO were in the order of III>IV>II>V>VI>I and that of the refined oil were of the order: II>I>III>IV>VI>V. On a general note, sample I formulated from the crude RSO which is sodium hydroxide catalyzed gave the least yield of 15% while sample II formulated from the refined RSO which is sodium metal catalyzed gave the highest yield of 92.1%. Comparative analyses of the properties of the biodiesel to that of commercial diesel fuel showed that transesterification improved the fuel properties of the oil. The viscosity, %free fatty acid values were reduced, while the calculated fuel potential increased. Other fuel properties were found to be in accordance with the ASTM standards.
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How to cite this article:

S.O. Omorogbe, E.U. Ikhuoria, A.I. Aigbodion, E.O. Obazee and V.M. Momodu, 2013. Production of Rubber Seed Oil Based Biodiesel Using Different Catalysts. Current Research in Chemistry, 5: 11-18.

DOI: 10.3923/crc.2013.11.18

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=crc.2013.11.18

 
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