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Biotechnology
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 17 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 75-85
DOI: 10.3923/biotech.2018.75.85
De Novo Transcriptome Profiling of Buasbuas (Premna pubescens. Blume)
Diky Setya Diningrat and Erly Marwani

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Buasbuas is the one of the medicinal plants in Indonesia that contains bioactive compounds potential as antimicrobial, antioxidant, antidiabetes, antiinflammation and anticancer. Exploring the pathway and gene related of buasbuas bioactive compounds production has led to the renaissance of understanding buasbuas molecular mechanism database. The aim of this study was to developed data-mining framework of buasbuas to study plant specialized metabolism for phytochemical biosynthesis. Material and Methods: This project was started by collecting shoots and leaves of Buasbuas. Focus of the project was exploring the molecular mechanisms on biosynthesis phytochemical of Buasbuas. Illumina Mi-Seq Next Generation Sequencing was utilized to understand the molecular mechanisms of biosynthesis. Transcriptomes then trimmed and assembled with CLCBio genomic software. Assembled contigs then annotated towards Arabidopsis thaliana using CLC Bio genomic software. Digital Gene Expression was performed to analyze the transcriptional changes in control culture and treatment. Results: There were 5.342 unigenes that expressed only in treatment shoot cultures. Annotation with Gene Ontology showed that 57.9% (3.446) unigenes play role in Biological Process, 56.7% (3.375) unigenes play role in Cellular Components and 63.4% (3.772) unigenes play role in Molecular Functions. Annotation with Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes shows 853 unigenes essentially have role in 24 biological pathways. Highest process with highest unigenes involvement is biosynthesis of plant hormones and biosynthesis of alkaloids. Conclusion: This study showed that phytochemical biosynthesis in buasbuas induces level expression of several genes involved in the jasmonic acid, cytokinin, gibberellin, salicylic acid and ethylene biosynthesis pathway.
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How to cite this article:

Diky Setya Diningrat and Erly Marwani, 2018. De Novo Transcriptome Profiling of Buasbuas (Premna pubescens. Blume). Biotechnology, 17: 75-85.

DOI: 10.3923/biotech.2018.75.85

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=biotech.2018.75.85

 
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