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  Year: 2008 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 686-693
DOI: 10.3923/biotech.2008.686.693
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Protein Precipitation Method for Salivary Proteins and Rehydration Buffer for Two-Dimensional Electrophoresis

K. Jessie, O.H. Hashim and Z.H.A. Rahim

Precipitants for salivary proteins and rehydration buffers for two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) analysis were, respectively compared and evaluated. Five different protein precipitants: TCA, TCA-acetone-DTT, TCA-acetone-mercaptoethanol, acetone and alcohol were used to precipitate proteins of the saliva samples. The efficiency of the precipitants was evaluated from protein content of the precipitate reflecting protein recovery. The precipitate with the highest protein content was subsequently solubilized using different rehydration buffers (RB1, RB2, RB3 and RB4) before being subjected to the 2-DE. The efficiency of the different rehydration buffers was compared with respect to the resolution and focusing time taken to attain the maximum voltage. Each of the saliva samples was subjected to the above experiments, carried out in triplicates. The precipitant containing TCA-acetone-DTT exhibited the highest protein recovery (82.2%) demonstrating significant difference when compared with the other precipitants (p<0.05). The RB4 containing DTT (reducing agent) and 0.5% IPG buffer 3-10 non-linear (carrier ampholyte) exhibited more protein spots indicating better separation resolution. The results obtained suggested that protein recovery depends on the precipitant used in the precipitation and resolution of proteins separation is influenced by the reducing agent and the ampholyte used in the rehydration buffer.
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How to cite this article:

K. Jessie, O.H. Hashim and Z.H.A. Rahim, 2008. Protein Precipitation Method for Salivary Proteins and Rehydration Buffer for Two-Dimensional Electrophoresis. Biotechnology, 7: 686-693.

DOI: 10.3923/biotech.2008.686.693






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