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Asian Journal of Scientific Research
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 84-90
DOI: 10.3923/ajsr.2019.84.90
 
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Therapeutic Efficacy of Intropar® and Artimisia annua Extract on Treatment of African Catfish Infected with Trypanosomiasis
Hussien Abd El-Fattah Mohamed Osman , Ahmed Esmael Noor El-Deen, Tarek Mohamed El-Metenawy, Mona Saad Zaki, Amany Mohamed Kenawy, Alaa El-Din Zakarya Abu Brayka and Abeer E. Mahmoud

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Trypanosomiasis affecting fish caused by genus Trypanosoma which is considered as one of the most important protozoal disease affecting freshwater fishes. The present study aimed to investigate some trials for treatment of trypanosomiasis in catfish Clarias gariepinus with histopathological examination of the naturally infested catfish, C. gariepinus. Materials and Methods: A total number of 100 alive catfish (Clarias gariepinus) with 120±10 g weight were collected from private fish farm at Kafer El-Kheish governorate. The fish subjected to parasitological examination for the trypanosome species. For treatment trials, a total number of 120 catfish were divided into 4 groups each 10 with three replicate were used for treatment trials with Intropar® I/M, bath with Artimisia annua leaves ethanol extract (100 and 150 mg L1 for 120 min). Results: The main clinical and postmortem lesions of infected Clarias gariepinus were paleness of the outer body surface, eroded fins, gulping the atmospheric air. Histopathological investigation revealed degenerative, necrotic and inflammatory changes in skin, gills and all internal organs. Experimental infection of C. gariepinus, Oreochromis niloticus, gold fish Carassius auratus and male white mice to with Trypanosoma mukasai were carried out. The prevalence of trypanosomiasis in catfish C. gariepinus was 63%. The result of the treatment revealed that 150 mg L1 for 120 min was the treatment of choice for trypanosomiasis in C. gariepinus. Conclusion: It was concluded that the treatment of choice for trypanosomiasis in C. gariepius was bath treatment with Artimisia annua leaves ethanol extract (150 mg L1 for 120 min).
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How to cite this article:

Hussien Abd El-Fattah Mohamed Osman, Ahmed Esmael Noor El-Deen, Tarek Mohamed El-Metenawy, Mona Saad Zaki, Amany Mohamed Kenawy, Alaa El-Din Zakarya Abu Brayka and Abeer E. Mahmoud, 2019. Therapeutic Efficacy of Intropar® and Artimisia annua Extract on Treatment of African Catfish Infected with Trypanosomiasis. Asian Journal of Scientific Research, 12: 84-90.

DOI: 10.3923/ajsr.2019.84.90

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajsr.2019.84.90

 
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