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Asian Journal of Scientific Research
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 197-206
DOI: 10.3923/ajsr.2013.197.206
 
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Downdraft Gasification of Oil Palm Frond: Effects of Temperature and Operation Time
M.N.Z. Moni and Shaharin A. Sulaiman

Abstract:
Currently produced more than 40 million tons a year, only a small portion of oil palm frond is used as domestic animals forage and as raw material in small-scale furniture industry, while the rest is left at the plantation floor to naturally decompose. This study introduces oil palm frond as a solid biomass fuel for gasification to produce synthesis gas that can be utilized for heat and energy generation in a cleaner and more efficient manner than direct combustion. Oil palm frond was gasified in the downdraft gasifier at 700 to 1000°C reactor temperature with a controlled air supply of 180 to 200 L min-1. The effects of reactor temperature and operation time to the quality of syngas produced from oil palm frond downdraft gasification were investigated. At a calorific value around 18 MJ kg-1, oil palm frond was found to produce synthesis gas that sustainably burnt in air with a higher heating value of around 5 MJ N-1 m-3. Oil palm frond was found to be optimally producing syngas with desired energy content at a reactor temperature range of 700-900°C and within the first 45 min of gasifier operation.
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How to cite this article:

M.N.Z. Moni and Shaharin A. Sulaiman, 2013. Downdraft Gasification of Oil Palm Frond: Effects of Temperature and Operation Time. Asian Journal of Scientific Research, 6: 197-206.

DOI: 10.3923/ajsr.2013.197.206

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajsr.2013.197.206

 
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