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Asian Journal of Poultry Science
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 42-50
DOI: 10.3923/ajpsaj.2009.42.50
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Performance and Histological Changes of the Intestinal Villi in Chickens Fed Dietary Natural Zeolite Including Plant Extract

T. Incharoen, O. Khambualai and K. Yamauchi

To investigate the effects of dietary combinations of zeolite, plant extract and vermiculite (ZEM®) on growth performance and histological intestinal changes, male Sanuki Cochin chickens were allotted to 3 groups of 12 birds each. They were fed ad libitum on a basal commercial mash diet with 0 (control), 1 and 2 g kg-1 dietary ZEM®. A starter diet (CP, 21%; ME, 3,000 kcal kg-1) was fed to chickens until 28 day of age, at which point a grower diet (CP, 18%; ME, 2,850 kcal kg-1) was fed until 70 day of age. Feed intake and body weight gain tended to increase with increasing levels of dietary ZEM® and feed efficiency tended to be highest in the 1 g kg-1 ZEM® group. Most intestinal villus height, villus area, cell area and cell mitosis numbers were better than those of the control group and the duodenal cell areas and cell mitosis numbers of all intestinal parts were greater (p<0.05) in the ZEM® groups than in the control group. Protuberated cells were observed on the villus tip of the ZEM® groups. These histological changes indicate that the intestinal villi and epithelial cells were hypertrophied by ZEM®. The present results suggest that chicken growth performance would be improved due to hypertrophied intestinal villi and epithelial cells after feeding ZEM® and that ZEM® is effective alimentation for chicken diets.
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  •    Analysis of the Textural Characteristics and Pore Size Distribution of a Commercial Zeolite using Various Adsorption Models
  •    Growth Performance and Histological Alterations of Intestinal Villi in Broilers Fed Dietary Mixed Minerals
  •    Effect of Different Levels of Perlite on Mucosal Lipase Enzymes Activity in Small Intestine of Broiler Chicks
  •    An Evaluation on the Effects of Dietary Kaolin and Zeolite on Broilers Blood Parameters, T4, TSH and Growth Hormones
  •    Effects of Dietary Bamboo Charcoal Powder Including Vinegar Liquid on Growth Performance and Histological Intestinal Change in Aigamo Ducks
  •    Effect of Zeolite and Initial Weight on Feedlot Performance of Brown Swiss Cattle
How to cite this article:

T. Incharoen, O. Khambualai and K. Yamauchi, 2009. Performance and Histological Changes of the Intestinal Villi in Chickens Fed Dietary Natural Zeolite Including Plant Extract. Asian Journal of Poultry Science, 3: 42-50.

DOI: 10.3923/ajpsaj.2009.42.50






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