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Asian Journal of Plant Sciences
  Year: 2021 | Volume: 20 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 246-255
DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2021.246.255
 
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Potential to Increase the Agronomic Character and Phytochemical Content of Aloe vera Plant by Application of Integrated Fertilizers in Sandy Soil

Maria Theresia Darini and Endang Sulistyaningsih

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Aloe vera plant provides a variety of compounds, minerals, phytochemicals and secondary metabolites content in the leaves. Therefore, this research was aimed to determine character agronomy and phytochemical content of Aloe vera L. plant by application of nitrogen fertilizer dosage and biofertilizers sources in sandy soil. Materials and Methods: The research was conducted in Bantul, Special Region of Yogyakarta Indonesia and arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The first factor was two levels of nitrogen fertilizer dosages namely 200 and 300 kg ha–1. The second factor was eight sources of biofertilizer and control (400 kg urea ha–1, without biofertilizer) treatment. The variables observed were growth, yield, vitamin, amino acid content and activity antioxidant of Aloe vera L. plant. Statistical analysis of data was tested by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test at p<0.05. Results: The best results were obtained with a combination of 200-300 kg of urea and mycorrhiza, which had the same effect as the combination of 200-300 kg of urea with bamboo rhizobacteria on endophytic populations, growth, yield and amino acid content of Aloe vera leaves. Meanwhile, the highest concentration of antioxidant compounds (provitamin A, provitamin E and vitamin C) was obtained at a combination of urea dosage of 300 kg ha–1 with mycorrhiza or PGPR. Conclusion: The result showed that there was an interaction between nitrogen fertilizer dosage and biofertilizer sources on all of the observed variables. Mycorrhiza could be used as a biofertilizer in an integrated management system to increase growth, yield and phytochemical content of Aloe vera plants in sandy soil.
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How to cite this article:

Maria Theresia Darini and Endang Sulistyaningsih, 2021. Potential to Increase the Agronomic Character and Phytochemical Content of Aloe vera Plant by Application of Integrated Fertilizers in Sandy Soil. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 20: 246-255.

DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2021.246.255

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajps.2021.246.255

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