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Asian Journal of Plant Sciences
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 19 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 495-507
DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2020.495.507
 
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Potential Impacts of Carbon Tube and Silicon Oxide Nanoparticles on Growth, Yield and Antioxidant System of Soybean Plant

Maha Mohamed Shater Abdallah , Abd El-Samad Mahmoud Younis , Bakry Ahmed Bakry , Hala Mohamed Safwat El-Bassiouny and Amany Abd El-Mohsen Ramadan

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Nanotechnology has proposed a new generation of environmental treatment technologies that can be cost-efficient solutions for several of the most challenging environmental problems. This study was designed to evaluate the response of soybean plants to Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) and Silicon oxide Nanoparticles (SiO2-NPs) under sandy soil conditions. Materials and Methods: Field experiment during two successive summer seasons of 2017 and 2018 was carried out to study the effect of 10, 20, 30 and 40 mg L1 foliar application of CNTs and SiO2-NPs on growth, some biochemical changes and yield of soybean. Data statistically analyzed using the analysis of variance procedure of split-plot design and means compared using LSD technique. Results: Foliar application of CNTs or SiO2-NPs at different concentrations increased significantly growth characters, photosynthetic pigments, some osmoprotectants, indole acetic acid and phenolic contents of soybean plants. The increase in plant growth parameters reflected a reduction in oxidative damage due to the increase in antioxidant enzymes (catalase and superoxide dismutase), however, malondialdehyde and peroxidase decreased. Different treatments markedly increased the seed yield and its nutritional value (total carbohydrates, protein and oil percentages) compared to the control. Experimental treatments exhibited also a marked reduction in saturated fatty acids levels particularly palmitic acid, while it increased unsaturated fatty acids. Conclusion: Generally, the findings imply that CNTs or SiO2-NPs have a positive role in preserving important physiological and biochemical functions that reflected positively on soybean plant growth and seeds yield when grown under sandy soil conditions.
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How to cite this article:

Maha Mohamed Shater Abdallah, Abd El-Samad Mahmoud Younis, Bakry Ahmed Bakry, Hala Mohamed Safwat El-Bassiouny and Amany Abd El-Mohsen Ramadan, 2020. Potential Impacts of Carbon Tube and Silicon Oxide Nanoparticles on Growth, Yield and Antioxidant System of Soybean Plant. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 19: 495-507.

DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2020.495.507

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajps.2020.495.507

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