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Asian Journal of Plant Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 208-213
DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2013.208.213
 
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Vascular Bundle Distribution Effect on Density and Mechanical Properties of Oil Palm Trunk

Atmawi Darwis, Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat, Muh. Yusram Massijaya, Naresworo Nugroho, Eka Mulya Alamsyah, Effendi Tri Bahtiar and Rahmat Safe`i

Abstract:
Palm oil tree (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) is a plant species which belong to monocotyledons. The Oil Palm Trunk (OPT) is composed of vascular bundles and parenchyma as ground tissue which determine the properties of the wood. This study was conducted to find out the effect of the vascular bundles toward the density and mechanical properties of OPT in vertical and horizontal direction. The results showed that in horizontal position (outer to the center zone of OPT), the greater number of the vascular bundles contained in trunk made the density value and the mechanical properties greater but in vertical position showed otherwise. The number of vascular bundles is not the only factor that determines the density and mechanical properties of OPT. The top section of OPT has a lower density and mechanical properties than the bottom even though the number of vascular bundles can be greater. This happens because the vascular bundles in the top are composed by the younger cells than the bottom.
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How to cite this article:

Atmawi Darwis, Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat, Muh. Yusram Massijaya, Naresworo Nugroho, Eka Mulya Alamsyah, Effendi Tri Bahtiar and Rahmat Safe`i, 2013. Vascular Bundle Distribution Effect on Density and Mechanical Properties of Oil Palm Trunk. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 12: 208-213.

DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2013.208.213

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajps.2013.208.213

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