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Asian Journal of Plant Sciences
  Year: 2005 | Volume: 4 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 128-131
DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2005.128.131
 
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Growth and Yield Response of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) to Organic and Inorganic Mulches

Mateen-ul-Hassan Khan, Tahir Hussain Chattha and Rifat Hayat

Abstract:
A field experiment was carried out at the Vegetable Research Farm of University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi, during March, 2004 to evaluate the performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) under effect of organic and inorganic mulches. The treatments selected were control (control), mulching with 4 inch thick grass, mulching with 4 inch wheat straw, black polyethylene mulch (160 μm gauge) and transparent polyethylene mulch (150 μm gauge). The result reveled that maximum plant height 93 cm and maximum number of leaves 160 was observed in plot mulching with 4 inch wheat straw. Where as, maximum leaf area plant -1 65 cm2 was produced with transparent polythene mulch 150 μm gauge. Maximum number of flower cluster and fruit plant-1 were recorded in plot with mulches 4 inch thick grass. Maximum yield 96.45 t ha-1 of tomato was obtained with mulching of 4 inch wheat straw while; minimum yield 55.41 t ha-1 was obtain in control. Wheat straw increases 43% tomato yield when compared with control. There was non-significant variation among different treatment as for as soil physical and chemical parameters are concerned. However, mulching treatment conserved 27% more moisture as compare to control. Economic comparison indicates that wheat and grass mulch were more efficient than expansive polythene mulch.
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How to cite this article:

Mateen-ul-Hassan Khan, Tahir Hussain Chattha and Rifat Hayat, 2005. Growth and Yield Response of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) to Organic and Inorganic Mulches. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 4: 128-131.

DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2005.128.131

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajps.2005.128.131

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