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Asian Journal of Plant Sciences
  Year: 2005 | Volume: 4 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 117-122
DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2005.117.122
 
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Comparisons of Grafted Biennial and Conventional Production Systems for Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) Varieties in a Mediterranean Region of Turkey

Sebahattin curuk, Coskun Durgac, Berivan Ozdemir and Sener Kurt

Abstract:
Annual conventional production of eggplant and biennial growing by using grafted seedlings were compared over a two-year period in the Mediterranean Amik plain of southern Turkey. Grafted (onto Solanum torvum Swartz.) and nongrafted control seedlings of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) cultivars Pala and Faselis F1 were transplanted to the soil free of important soil-borne pathogens, Verticillium, Fusarium and nematodes. Grafted plants were grown for the period 2002-2003 by pruning at the end of the first year. Control plants were grown as in conventional eggplant production by planting fresh seedling every year. The effects of grafting on fruit yield, quality and plant growth differed depending on cultivars. The mean fruit yield, quality and plant growth of Faselis decreased due to grafting in the second production year, while only fruit quality was reduced in the first year. However, the mean fruit yield of both grafted and control plants of Pala were similar and growth was more vigorous in grafted plants than the control ones of this in the two years. The effect of grafting on the fruit quality of Pala was not clear as the fruit quality differed depending on cropping year. Present results suggested conclusion, the production of eggplant grown from the same grafted plants in all the years could be used for Pala, but Faselis. It is possible to suggest that biennial eggplant growing by using grafted seedlings is more profitable and ecologically sustainable than conventional ones.
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How to cite this article:

Sebahattin curuk, Coskun Durgac, Berivan Ozdemir and Sener Kurt , 2005. Comparisons of Grafted Biennial and Conventional Production Systems for Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) Varieties in a Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 4: 117-122.

DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2005.117.122

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajps.2005.117.122

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