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American Journal of Plant Physiology
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 269-282
DOI: 10.3923/ajpp.2011.269.282
 
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Comparative Evaluation of Zinc and Lead and their Synergistic Effects on Growth and Some Physiological Responses of Hassawi Okra (Hibiscus esculentus) Seedlings

M.M. Azooz, M.M. Youssef and M.A. Al-Omair

Abstract:
Soil contamination with heavy metals has become a worldwide problem, leading to a reduction of plant growth and productivity. The objective of this study was carried out to compare the effect of different levels of zinc (Zn2+) or lead (Pb2+)and their interactions on growth and physiological changes of Hassawi okra seedlings. These seedlings were grown in a soil, to which different levels (0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80 mM) of Zn2+ or Pb2+ were added with water (control), singly or in combinations. The results revealed that, okra seedlings growth were reduced gradually with increasing Zn2+ or/and Pb2+. These parameters were completely inhibited at 80 mM of Zn2+ or Pb2+, when they added in combination. While, 5 mM Zn2+ had a favorable effect on these growth parameters. The contents of chl. a and chl. b were significantly reduced as a result of exposure to Zn2+ or/and Pb2+. However, carotenoids content was increased at lower levels as compared with control. The increased of Zn2+ or/and Pb2+ levels inhibited sugars accumulation while the contents of protein, total free amino acids and proline were promoted. Pb2+ had more toxic effect than Zn2+. The toxicity caused by each metal alone was lower than that caused when they were added in combinations. Our data suggested that Zn2+ and Pb2+ exhibited synergistic effects on the growth and physiological responses of Hassawi okra seedlings, leading to injurious effects followed by death of these seedlings at 80 mM. Combined exposure to Zn2+ and Pb2+ enhanced or inhibited some of the effects, that were induced when only one metal was applied to growth medium.
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 RELATED ARTICLES:
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How to cite this article:

M.M. Azooz, M.M. Youssef and M.A. Al-Omair, 2011. Comparative Evaluation of Zinc and Lead and their Synergistic Effects on Growth and Some Physiological Responses of Hassawi Okra (Hibiscus esculentus) Seedlings. American Journal of Plant Physiology, 6: 269-282.

DOI: 10.3923/ajpp.2011.269.282

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajpp.2011.269.282

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