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American Journal of Food Technology
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 483-491
DOI: 10.3923/ajft.2011.483.491
Osmotic Dehydration as a Factor in Freezing of Tomato
P. Chottanom and M. Srisa-ard

Abstract:
The objectives of this study were to investigate the influence of osmotic solutions and their concentration on mass transfer and observe any effect on lycopene content, color and melting temperature (Tm) of tomatoes. The tomato pieces were osmosed in maltose (35, 50%), sucrose (35, 60%) and sorbitol (35, 60%), solutions for 2 and 6 h. Sucrose and sorbitol were highly effective in reducing water content in tomatoes, compared to maltose. Highest solid gain was found by using sorbitol. The 60% of sucrose and sorbitol caused the reduction of lycopene content and alternation of color. The evaluation of Tm was depended on osmotic agents and could be related with the solid mass fraction. The 50% was recommended for the frozen tomatoes, compared to sucrose and sorbitol.
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How to cite this article:

P. Chottanom and M. Srisa-ard, 2011. Osmotic Dehydration as a Factor in Freezing of Tomato. American Journal of Food Technology, 6: 483-491.

DOI: 10.3923/ajft.2011.483.491

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajft.2011.483.491

 
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