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Asian Journal of Earth Sciences
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 9-21
DOI: 10.3923/ajes.2017.9.21
 
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Water Quality Assessment for Drinking and Irrigation using Major Ions Chemistry in the Semiarid Region: Case of Djacer Spring, Algeria

Dalila Ziani, Boudoukha Abderrahmane , Abderrahmane Boumazbeur and Lahcen Benaabidate

Abstract:
Objective: Variation of major ions chemistry was used to evaluate the geochemical processes of groundwater in the shallow aquifer of Djacer spring located in the Quaternary alluvial formations, eastern Algeria. Methodology: Diagrams such as Piper diagram, Gibbs diagram, Durov and Wilcox diagram as well as the hardness, soluble sodium percentage and the permeability index all have been used to assess the diagram quality of the groundwater of Ain Djacer spring aquifer. The statistical tests such as mean, median, standard deviation, kurtosis and skewness were used to test the homogeneity of the initial data. Results: These methods highlighted two water groups, where salinity increases with flow direction and the total dissolved solids is as a major distinguishing factor in these groups. High rates are due to the ion exchange and water-rock interaction processes dominated by dissolutions, evaporation and precipitation with the presence of saliferous formations. Piper diagram and Durov diagram showed that the water type was calcium bicarbonate in the boundaries and evolved to sodium chloride in the center of the plain. Therefore, the hydrochemical and the stability index showed that groundwater salinity is much more controlled by saliferous minerals in contact with terrigenous salt formation and carbonate minerals. Conclusion: Water quality for irrigation and domestic use is good near the boundaries but poor in the center of the plain because of its high salinity.
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How to cite this article:

Dalila Ziani, Boudoukha Abderrahmane, Abderrahmane Boumazbeur and Lahcen Benaabidate, 2017. Water Quality Assessment for Drinking and Irrigation using Major Ions Chemistry in the Semiarid Region: Case of Djacer Spring, Algeria. Asian Journal of Earth Sciences, 10: 9-21.

DOI: 10.3923/ajes.2017.9.21

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajes.2017.9.21

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