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Asian Journal of Epidemiology
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 12-19
DOI: 10.3923/aje.2020.12.19
 
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Prevalence of Mental Disorders and the Use of Mental Health Services among the Adult Population in United Arab Emirates
Ibrahim Mahmoud and Coumaravelou Saravanan

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Few studies have assessed the prevalence of mental illness and the utilization of formal mental health services in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders, assess the use of formal mental health services and identify the reason for not accessing formal mental health services among adults in Sharjah city in the UAE. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was distributed among participants in public places in Sharjah city using convenience sampling methods. Results: Overall, 57.2% of participants suffered from at least one mental disorder, with higher prevalence rates in women than in men (62% vs. 52.6%, p = 0.029). Anxiety (56.4%), depression (31.5%), post-traumatic stress disorder (15.1%) and phobic disorder (10.8%) were the most prevalent mental disorders among participants. Over 80% of participants sought help for their mental problems, with 57.7% of them consulting a health professional and 42.3% consulting a non-health professional. Participants who consulted a health professional were more satisfied with their treatment (66.2%) compared to those who consulted a non-health professional (48.1%). Conclusion: The prevalence of anxiety and depression is higher in UAE compared with other disorders. Overall, women have a higher prevalence than men do, except for substance abuse. Formal mental health services were used more than non-formal services were. These findings indicate that interventions are required in the UAE to improve mental health outcomes. Further research at the national level is needed.
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How to cite this article:

Ibrahim Mahmoud and Coumaravelou Saravanan, 2020. Prevalence of Mental Disorders and the Use of Mental Health Services among the Adult Population in United Arab Emirates. Asian Journal of Epidemiology, 13: 12-19.

DOI: 10.3923/aje.2020.12.19

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=aje.2020.12.19

 
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