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Asian Journal of Epidemiology
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 43-48
DOI: 10.3923/aje.2014.43.48
Seroprevalence of Brucella Antibodies in Goats in Oju, Benue State, Nigeria
G.O. Ijale, I. Ajogi and A.A. Dzikwi

A seroprevalence study of Brucella antibodies in goats in Oju Local Government Area (LGA) of Benue State, Nigeria was undertaken to determine its prevalence. A total of 241 blood samples were collected and subjected to Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and Indirect Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (iELISA) to determine the presence of Brucella antibodies. The RBPT gave a prevalence of 33 (13.7%) while the iELISA confirmed the presence of Brucella antibodies in 18 (7.5%) of the sera tested. Based on age, 3 (7.0%) of the 43 goats below 12 months were positive, 7 (7.2%) of the 97 goats between 13-36 months were positive and 8 (7.9%) of the 101 goats above 36 months were positive for the iELISA. Of the 49 male goats sampled, 3 (6.1%) of the male goats were positive and 15 (7.8%) of the 192 female goats were positive for iELISA while breed-based prevalence rates gave 15 (7.0%) in the Kano brown breed and 3 (10.7%) in the West African dwarf breed. There was no significant association between prevalence rates of Brucella antibodies by age, sex or breed of goat sampled (p>0.05). Due to the public health significance of caprine brucellosis, there is a need to embark on brucellosis control and eradication in Oju LGA and an awareness campaign should be carried out to enlighten goat owners/handlers on this important zoonosis. Efforts should be geared at improving livestock health through vaccination.
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How to cite this article:

G.O. Ijale, I. Ajogi and A.A. Dzikwi, 2014. Seroprevalence of Brucella Antibodies in Goats in Oju, Benue State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Epidemiology, 7: 43-48.

DOI: 10.3923/aje.2014.43.48






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