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Asian Journal of Epidemiology
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 2 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 1-8
DOI: 10.3923/aje.2009.1.8
Prevalence of Non-Communicable Diseases Risk Factors in Two Groups of Urban Populations
D.C. Mahajan, S.S. Birari, G.S. Khairnar, Y.P. Patil, V.J. Kadam and Y.M. Joshi

Abstract:
Unhealthy lifestyle makes urban population prone to noncommunicable diseases and its risk factors. In present study health risk factors in two groups of urban population having different lifestyle were determined. A total of 150 subjects: 75 policemen`s and 75 Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) employees having age between 35-50 years were involved in the study. Information was collected on behavioral risk factors, followed by anthropometric and blood pressure measurements and biochemical assessment. The groups were compared using Student`s t-test. Body mass index and waist circumference were correlated with continuous variable. Policemen had significantly higher (p<0.05) prevalence of abnormalities than BARC employees (Impaired glucose tolerance 26.66 Vs. 5.33%, Hypertension 26.66 Vs. 6.66%, Abdominal obesity 53.33 Vs. 29.33%, high triglycerides 52 Vs. 28%, high low density lipoprotein cholesterol 20 Vs. 6.66%, high very low density lipoprotein cholesterol 50.66 Vs. 25.33%, low high density lipoprotein cholesterol 16 Vs. 2.66%, high low density lipoprotein cholesterol/high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio 34.66 and 16%). Hypertriglyceridemia waist phenotype was observed in 38.66% policemen. Tobacco chewing and alcohol consumption was more common among policemen than BARC employees. The result of the study indicates that policemen are at more risk of developing noncommunicable diseases than BARC employees. Policemen play a vital role in law enforcement so must be delivered with best possible health care.
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How to cite this article:

D.C. Mahajan, S.S. Birari, G.S. Khairnar, Y.P. Patil, V.J. Kadam and Y.M. Joshi, 2009. Prevalence of Non-Communicable Diseases Risk Factors in Two Groups of Urban Populations. Asian Journal of Epidemiology, 2: 1-8.

DOI: 10.3923/aje.2009.1.8

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=aje.2009.1.8

COMMENTS
28 April, 2009
kishor sochaliya:
very useful paper about prevention of ncd.
 
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