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Asian Journal of Crop Science
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 97-108
DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2020.97.108
 
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Biodegradable Mulch Film Technology and Harpin Protein for Quality Enhancement of Anna Apples During Cold Storage

M.E. Tarabih and E.E. Eleryan

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Growers of Anna apple have been facing many production problems that hinder them and represent a main obstacle towards obtaining high quality of organic fruits. Therefore, the main goal of this work was to evaluate the possibility of producing organic fruits, extend color and enhance resistance of fruits during storability. Materials and Methods: The present investigation was conducted during three successive seasons 2016, 2017 and 2018 (the first season was experimental) on Anna apple trees to evaluate the effectiveness of soil biodegradable mulch films (BMF) and sprinkle fruits by harpin protein to enhance color and texture of fruits. As well as extend storability and enhanced systemic resistance of fruits during 90 days of cold storage (0°C±1 and 90-95% RH) to be available for longer period. Results: The results indicated that, covering the soil with (BMF) mulch produced higher organic matter at the end of experiment. All biodegradable films (BMF) treatments improved ratios of nutrient contents Ca, P and K in the fruits. In this respect, harpin protein at 40% with mulching soil with biodegradable films (BMF) led to produce higher fruit yield at harvest and reduce postharvest loss weight, respiration rate, electrolyte leakage and pathogen decay. Further, it significantly affected enhanced vitamin C content, anthocyanin, phenolic, antioxidant activity and reduced the decline in titratable acidity while, reduced percent of TSS and total sugar. Conclusion: From above mentioned results, it concluded that, soil biodegradable mulch films (BMF) with sprinkle fruits by harpin protein at 40% appear to be a good solution for the obtaining high quality and storability of organic fruits.
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How to cite this article:

M.E. Tarabih and E.E. Eleryan, 2020. Biodegradable Mulch Film Technology and Harpin Protein for Quality Enhancement of Anna Apples During Cold Storage. Asian Journal of Crop Science, 12: 97-108.

DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2020.97.108

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajcs.2020.97.108

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