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Asian Journal of Crop Science
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 207-213
DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2018.207.213
Fastest Base Population Formation of Maize Through Exploitation of Xenia and Metaxenia Phenomena Derived from Hybrid Maize Varieties as Parents
Suaib Suaib and Darwis Suleman

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Higher production of maize (Zea mays L.) could be obtained by breeding in a much faster method by using the xenia and metaxenia phenomena as the main observations. The objectives of this research were to study the possibility of maize hybrid varieties seeds as crossing parents in exploiting both xenia and metaxenia phenomena in creating the base population materials for breeding the new promising candidate of higher production variety of maize. Materials and Methods: Three seeds from hybrid varieties as crossing parents were Bonanza and Ganebo varieties (sweet maize) and Arumba variety (waxy maize). These varieties were separated and sown into the 500 cm long and 300 cm wide plot, 75 cm between rows and 30 cm within rows, with one seed per hill, so that there would be 56 individual plant per plot. The authors employed diallel crossing method and obtained three of each of regular F1 kernels, reciprocal F1 kernels and open pollinated F1 kernels of female parents as data sources. F1’s kernels colour, 100 kernels weights (g) and the number of kernels per ear were the xenia components and diameter (mm) and lengths of ears (cm) were the metaxenia components. One way analysis of variance according to completely randomized design was used to analyze the observed variables and the Tukey t-test was subjected in judging the difference between F1’s. Results: The research results showed that the 100 kernels weight, the number of kernels per ear and the diameter and the lengths of ears of some F1’s as xenia and metaxenia phenomena, respectively, resulted better than their maternal parents under open pollination. Conclusion: There was a possibility to use these both hybrid varieties and xenia and metaxenia phenomena in producing the seeds materials in a faster way as base population for the next selection step in creating a promising new higher production of maize variety.
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How to cite this article:

Suaib Suaib and Darwis Suleman, 2018. Fastest Base Population Formation of Maize Through Exploitation of Xenia and Metaxenia Phenomena Derived from Hybrid Maize Varieties as Parents. Asian Journal of Crop Science, 10: 207-213.

DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2018.207.213

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajcs.2018.207.213

 
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