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Asian Journal of Crop Science
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 168-173
DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2018.168.173
 
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Effect of Various Chemicals on the Mycelial Growth and Fruiting Body of Milky Mushroom (Calocybe indica)

Vinit Pratap Singh , Gopal Singh, Brajesh Kumar, Adesh Kumar and Seweta Srivastava

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) has become the centerpiece for commercial utilization all over the India. Milky mushroom is sturdy, fleshy and milky white in color even after flattening. As it grows in hot humid climate hence this mushroom is highly suitable for cultivation in most of the plains of India almost throughout the year. During the present study, effect of different chemicals on radial growth of the Calocybe indica was seen. Materials and Methods: For this experiment two Calocybe indica strains namely APK-2 and CI-6 were used. The sterilized substrates after spawning at 6% filled in polythene bags and kept in spawn running room at 28-32̊C. The polythene bags of completely impregnated mycelial growth were sprayed with 11% chemical solution of calcium carbonate, manganese sulphate, potassium sulphate, magnesium sulphate, zinc sulphate and ferrous sulphate before casing. Observations were recorded as total yield (g kg1 dry straw), days for pinhead formation (DFPF), days for first harvesting (DFFH), number of pinhead initiation (NOPI) and average weight of fruiting body (g/FB). Results: Results revealed that the highest numbers of fruiting bodies were plucked from strain APK-2 (25.00/bag) with calcium carbonate supplemented treatment and from strain CI-6 (23.33/bag), in control (without supplementation). Maximum yield was harvested significantly well in magnesium sulphate treatment from strains APK-2 and CI-6 (650.00 and 648.33 g kg1 of dry substrate with 65.00 and 64.83% B.E.) followed by calcium carbonate (635.00 and 623.33 g kg1 of dry substrate with 63.50 and 62.33% B.E.), respectively. Conclusion: However, maximum average weight per fruit body was recorded significantly well in magnesium sulphate supplemented treatment from strain APK-2 (31.58 g) and similarly from strain CI-6 (37.92 g). These chemical additives are also very cost effective and having no any residual effect on the quality and taste of mushroom.
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How to cite this article:

Vinit Pratap Singh, Gopal Singh, Brajesh Kumar, Adesh Kumar and Seweta Srivastava, 2018. Effect of Various Chemicals on the Mycelial Growth and Fruiting Body of Milky Mushroom (Calocybe indica). Asian Journal of Crop Science, 10: 168-173.

DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2018.168.173

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajcs.2018.168.173

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