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Asian Journal of Crop Science
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 383-391
DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2014.383.391
 
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Performance of Different Phosphorus Fertilizer Types on Wheat Grown in Calcareous Sandy Soil of El-Menia, Southern Algeria

Adil Mihoub and Naima Boukhalfa-Deraoui

Abstract:
This study is part of a research program on the rational fertilization of durum wheat grown under a center-pivot irrigation system. A field experiment was conducted to determine the judicious use of phosphorus (P) at agricultural farm of Hadjadj Mahmoud in El-Menia during winter 2009 to find the performance of wheat yield under different fertilizer types and doses in calcareous light textured soil. Soil samples were collected before sowing of wheat crop and analyzed for physical and chemical properties of the soil. There were four treatments i.e., 30, 60, 90 and 120 kg P2O5 ha-1 with five replications. A basal dose of nitrogen as urea and ammonium nitrate (UAN 32%) at the rate of 158 kg ha-1. The data of 1000-grain weight, grain and straw yield was recorded and grain and straw samples were collected and analyzed for P concentration and its uptake. The results showed that the wheat (Triticum durum L. cv. Carioca) responded positively at this phosphorus fertilization, maximum wheat yield of 7.4 t ha-1 was obtained by Fosfactyl fertilizer with 90 kg P2O5 ha-1 indicating importance of phosphorus at its highest dose in achieving maximum wheat productivity. The 1000-grain weight, grain and straw yields significantly increased with P levels. Phosphorus concentration in grain and straw and P uptake by wheat also significantly increased in all the treatments.
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How to cite this article:

Adil Mihoub and Naima Boukhalfa-Deraoui, 2014. Performance of Different Phosphorus Fertilizer Types on Wheat Grown in Calcareous Sandy Soil of El-Menia, Southern Algeria. Asian Journal of Crop Science, 6: 383-391.

DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2014.383.391

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajcs.2014.383.391

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