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Asian Journal of Crop Science
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 5 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 444-451
DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2013.444.451
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Effect of Seed Fortification with Pulse Sprout Extract on Crop Growth and Seed Yield in Rice Seeds

M. Jayanthi, R. Umarani and V. Vijayalakshmi

Rice is the staple food for over half of the Indian population, main emphasis has to be laid on ways and means to fortify seeds organically for better seed vigour. Seed fortification is one of the important seed invigouration treatment. Germinated grains are good sources of ascorbic acid, riboflavin, choline, thiamine, tocopherols and pantothenic acid which increases the nutritional quality. Extract has prepared from the sprouted pulses. With these background, an experiment was conducted during 2008 to study the effect of seed fortification with pulse sprout extract on crop growth and seed yield in rice seeds. Field experiment was conducted with the treatments include fortification of rice seeds with 2 and 3% of horse gram sprout extract and 4 and 5% of cowpea sprout extract and dried back to original moisture content and untreated seeds served as control. The observations made on crop growth and yield factors such as field emergence (%), plant height (cm) at vegetative and maturity stages, dry matter production (g plant-1), No. of tillers plant-1, No. of productive tillers plant-1, chlorophyll content, panicle length (cm), No. of seeds panicle-1, 1000 seed weight (g) and seed yield. Among these treatments 2% horse gram sprout extract recorded the highest yield of 3951 kg ha-1. The yield enhancement may be due to the presence of bioactive substances in sprouted horse gram and cowpea extracts were found effective towards yield maximization in rice seeds.
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How to cite this article:

M. Jayanthi, R. Umarani and V. Vijayalakshmi, 2013. Effect of Seed Fortification with Pulse Sprout Extract on Crop Growth and Seed Yield in Rice Seeds. Asian Journal of Crop Science, 5: 444-451.

DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2013.444.451






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