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Asian Journal of Crop Science
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 5 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 251-263
DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2013.251.263
 
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Adjusting the Best Time of Planting Suckers and Plant Density for Williams Banana Grown under Aswan Region Conditions

A.S. El-Khawaga

Abstract:
Planting date and density have great effect on growth, cycling time and yield of banana. The objectives of this study were to select the optimum planting date and plant density, that determining growth, flowering, yield and fruit quality under Aswan conditions. During 2008 to 2009 and 2009 to 2010 seasons, Williams banana Suckers were planted at the middle of Feb., Mar. and April at plant population 1000, 444 and 250 mother plants and 1000, 888 and 750 first ratoon. March planted Banana was a gradual promotion and significant on all growth characters, as well as the heavier bunches (8.4 and 15.5 kg) with maximum hand weight (1.92 and 2.15 kg). While April planted Banana gave the lowest ones in this respect in both seasons. The earliest shooting, minimum days for harvesting and cropping cycle (303.97 and 522.84 days) were observed with February planted during mother plants and first ratoon. For the optimum crop timing (316.34 and 536.7 days), first ratoon selection and the best fruit quality were noticed with March planting only. Increasing density reduced individual plant growth, chemical characteristics and productivity per plant, however gave the higher yield per area as well as delaying cropping cycle about (8-10 days). At low densities the highest values of chemical characteristics were observed, however planting date failed to show significant effect of all chemical characteristics. In regard to best fruit quality, yield and selection ratoon were obtained with planting Williams’s suckers at March with plant density 444 mother plants with two suckers per hole.
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How to cite this article:

A.S. El-Khawaga , 2013. Adjusting the Best Time of Planting Suckers and Plant Density for Williams Banana Grown under Aswan Region Conditions. Asian Journal of Crop Science, 5: 251-263.

DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2013.251.263

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajcs.2013.251.263

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